Vermejo Park Ranch has a lot of history – fossils, native American settlements, frontier towns, cowboy camps and mining operations. The frontier town of Catskill, was a thriving logging town between 1890 and 1905. Loggers aggressively clearcut the surrounding forests, in part to feed huge charcoal ovens. Three thousand cords of wood were burned daily in the ovens and 30-50 flatcars of lumber were shipped out daily by rail. But the timber soon became scarce, railroad connections shifted away, and Catskill collapsed as quickly as it had boomed. Little is left now of the town, but the huge kilns remain, still scented with the unmistakeable smell of charcoal. Rainbow over beehive-shaped charcoal kilns at Catskill ghost town (Upper Kilns), Vermejo Park Ranch, New Mexico, USA. Canon 1Dx. 75mm. ISO 800. 1/13 sec. at f/22.